First principles calculation on adsorption of S on impurity Fe(100)
Abstract: Using the first principles method, which is based on the density function theory (DFT), the structures and electronic properties of S atoms are adsorbed on the Fe (100) surface for X(X is Cr, Ni, Mo, C, Mn,Si,P and S) impurities in Fe, and their molecular orbital and absorption energies were calculated with the generalized gradient approximation. The results show that S adsorbed on H site for Cr, Ni, Mn, C and Mo impurities in Fe is stable but for Si, S and P is B site. The adsorption energy for Ni in impurity Fe is almost nearby for the purity Fe and the effect for Ni in S absorption on Fe (100) surface is very small. In order to prevent S absorption on Fe surface, we can reduce the percentage of Ni.