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p15RS/RPRD1A (p15INK4b-related sequence/regulation of nuclear pre-mRNA domain-containing protein 1A) interacts with HDAC2 in inhibition of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway.

Abstract: We previously reported that p15RS (p15INK4b-related sequence), a regulation of nuclear pre-mRNA domain containing protein, inhibited Wnt signaling by interrupting the formation of the beta-catenin.TCF4 complex. However, how p15RS functions as an intrinsic repressor to repress transcription remains unclear. In this study, we show that p15RS, through a specific interaction with HDAC2 (histone deacetylase 2), a deacetylase that regulates gene transcription, maintains histone H3 in a deacetylated state in the promoter region of Wnt-targeted genes where beta-catenin.TCF4 is bound. We observed that histone deacetylase inhibitors impair the ability of p15RS in inhibiting Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Depletion of HDAC2 markedly disabled p15RS inhibition of Wnt/beta-catenin-mediated transcription. Interestingly, overexpression of p15RS decreases the level of acetylated histone H3 in the c-MYC promoter. Finally, we demonstrate that p15RS significantly enhances the association of HDAC2 and TCF4 and enhances the occupancy of HDAC2 to DNA, resulting in the deacetylation of histone H3 and the failure of beta-catenin interaction. We propose that p15RS acts as an intrinsic transcriptional repressor for Wnt/beta-catenin-mediated gene transcription at least partially through recruiting HDAC2 to occupy the promoter and maintaining deacetylated histone H3.
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    1 J. Biol. Chem.-2015-Liu-9701-13[1]p15RS-RPRD1A (p15INK4b-related Sequence-Regulation of Nuclear Pre-mRNA Domain- Interacts with HDAC2 in Inhibition of the Wnt β-Catenin Signaling Pathway.pdf [Fulltext]