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A novel proximal 3q29 chromosome microdeletion in a Chinese patient with Chiari malformation type II and Sprengel's deformity
Guo Shuai
Fan Xue Feng
Jin Jie Yuan
Fan Liang Liang
Zeng Lei
Zhou Zheng Bing
Xiang Rong
Tang Ju Yu
Molecular Cytogenetics, 2018, 11(1): 8.
Background: Chiari malformation type II (CM-II) is mainly characterized by elongation and descent of the cerebellum through the foramen magnum into the spinal canal. Moreover, CM-II is uniquely associated with myelomeningocele. Sprengel's deformity refers to the malposition of the scapula, i.e. scapular elevation which is sometimes accompanied with scapula dysplasia. Although few familial cases of CM-II and Sprengel's deformity have been previously reported, both of these defects are considered to be sporadic, thus the exact etiology and causative genes have largely remained unknown.
Case presentation: The patient was diagnosed with CM-II accompanied with Sprengel's deformity. Further genetic investigation revealed a novel 666 kb microdeletion located in 3q29 (chr3: 194,532,035-195,198,585; Hg19). Subsequently, genes within the affected region were summarized, and XXYLT1 and ACAP2 were identified as the candidate genes.
Conclusion: We reported a case of a patient with CM-II and Sprengel's deformity harboring a microdeletion in 3q29. This case highlights the importance of 3q29 in early neural and skeletal development, as well as expands the phenotype spectrum of this rare disorder.
Chiari malformation; Sprengel's deformity; XXYLT1; ACAP2; 3q29 microdeletion
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