摘要

Asenapine is a novel psychopharmacologic agent being developed for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Like clozapine, asenapine facilitates cortical dopaminergic and N-methyl-u-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated transmission in rats. The facilitation of NMDA-induced currents in cortical pyramidal cells by clozapine is dependent on dopamine and D(1) receptor activation. Moreover, previous results show that clozapine prevents and reverses the blockade of NMDA-induced currents and firing activity in the pyramidal cells by the noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist phencyclidine (PCP). Here, we investigated the effects of asenapine in these regards using intracellular electrophysiological recording in vitro. Asenapine (5 nM) significantly facilitated NMDA-induced currents (162 +/- 15% of control) in pyramidal cells of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). The asenapine-induced facilitation was blocked by the D(1) receptor antagonist SCH23390 (1 mu M). Furthermore, the PCP-induced blockade of cortical NMDA-induced currents was effectively reversed by 5 nM asenapine. Our results demonstrate a clozapine-like facilitation of cortical NMDA-induced currents by asenapine that involves prefrontal dopamine and activation of D(1) receptors. Asenapine and clozapine also share the ability to reverse functional PCP-induced hypoactivity of cortical NMDA receptors. The ability of asenapine to increase both cortical dopaminergic and NMDA receptor-mediated glutamatergic transmission suggests that this drug may have an advantageous effect not only on positive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia, but also on negative and cognitive symptoms. Synapse 64:870-874, 2010.

  • 出版日期2010-11