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A novel method for automatically locating the pylorus in the wireless capsule endoscopy
Zhou Shangbo
Yang Han
Siddique Muhammad Abubakar
Xu Jie
Zhou Ping
Biomedizinische Technik / Biomedical Engineering, 2017, 62(1): 1-12.
Summary
Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) is a non-invasive technique used to examine the interiors of digestive tracts. Generally, the digestive tract can be divided into four segments: the entrance; stomach; small intestine; and large intestine. The stomach and the small intestine have a higher risk of infections than the other segments. In order to locate the diseased organ, an appropriate classification of the WCE images is necessary. In this article, a novel method is proposed for automatically locating the pylorus in WCE. The location of the pylorus is determined on two levels: rough-level and refined-level. In the roughlevel, a short-term color change at the boundary between stomach and intestine can help us to find approximately 70-150 positions. In the refined-level, an improved Weber local descriptor (WLD) feature extraction method is designed for gray-scale images. Compared to the original WLD calculation method, the method for calculating the differential excitation is improved to give a higher level of robustness. A K-nearest neighbor (KNN) classifier is incorporated to segment these images around the approximate position into different regions. The proposed algorithm locates three most probable positions of the pylorus that were marked by the clinician. The experimental results indicate that the proposed method is effective.
Keywords
capsule endoscopy; pylorus location; short-term color change; Weber local descriptor (WLD)
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