A novel green-emitting Ca-15(PO4)(2)(SiO4)(6):Eu2+ phosphor for applications in n-UV based w-LEDs
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 139(2-3), pp 350-354, 2013-5-15
A novel green-emitting phosphor Eu2+-doped Ca-15(PO4)(2)(SiO4)(6) with a structure derivative of alpha%26apos;-Ca2SiO4 is synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction method. The photoluminescence properties, the concentration quenching of Eu2+ ion, and the thermal stability are investigated. The Ca-15(PO4)(2)(SiO4)(6):Eu2+ phosphor is excited efficiently at a wavelength of 330 nm. At the optimum doping concentration of 0.5 mol% Eu2+ ion, the Ca-15(PO4)(2)(SiO4)(6):Eu2+ phosphor has the strongest emission intensity at 491 nm. The main mechanism of concentration quenching is found to be the rapid migration of excitation between the excited Eu2+ ions by exchange coupling. The thermal activation energy barrier is confirmed as 0.244 eV. Furthermore, the performance of this phosphor is tested by the fabrication of a phosphor-converted LED (pc-LED) through the integration of an InGaN-based near-ultraviolet light-emitting diode (LED) and driving under from 50 mA to 300 mA. The pc-LED reveals high color rendering index (CRI) value over 50, which is good for applications in w-LED.
Optical materials; Heat treatment; Photoluminescence spectroscopy; Luminescence