A novel susceptibility locus in the IL12B region is associated with the pathophysiology of Takayasu arteritis through IL-12p40 and IL-12p70 production
Arthritis Research and Therapy, 19(1), pp 197, 2017-9-6
Background: A previous study revealed the association between susceptibility to Takayasu arteritis (TAK) and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs6871626 located in IL12B, which encodes interleukin (IL)-12p40, a common component of IL-12p70 and IL-23. We investigated the expression of these cytokines in patients with TAK, stratifying them into those with or without the risk allele at the rs6871626 SNP.
Methods: Plasma levels of IL-12p40, IL-12p70, and IL-23 were quantified in 44 patients with TAK and 19 healthy controls (HCs) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Monocytes were obtained from 20 patients with TAK and 14 HCs, treated with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and lipopolysaccharide, and then supernatant cytokines were quantified. In addition, the ratio of IFN-gamma(+) or IL-17A(+) cells to CD4(+) T cells was measured by flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
Results: The levels of plasma IL-12p40, plasma IL-12p70, and supernatant IL-12p70 were significantly higher in patients with TAK than in HCs, whereas there were no significant differences in the levels of plasma IL-23, supernatant IL-23, or supernatant IL-12p40. The levels of plasma IL-12p70, supernatant IL-12p40, and supernatant IL-12p70 were significantly higher in patients with the risk allele than in those without. The ratio of CD4(+) IFN-gamma(+) cells was significantly higher in patients with the risk allele, whereas CD4(+) IL-17A(+) cells showed no differences.
Conclusions: The rs6871626 SNP in IL12B may influence the increased expression of IL-12p40 and IL-12p70. These enhanced cytokines might play roles in the pathophysiology of TAK.
Takayasu arteritis; Vasculitis; Interleukin-12; Single nucleotide polymorphism; Monocytes