An Elevated Ratio of Placental Growth Factor to Soluble Fms-like Tyrosine Kinase-1 Predicts Adverse Outcomes in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease

作者:Matsumoto Takaki; Uemura Shiro*; Takeda Yukiji; Matsui Masaru; Okada Sadanori; Nishida Taku; Soeda Tsunenari; Okayama Satoshi; Somekawa Satoshi; Ishigami Ken ichi; Onoue Kenji; Kawata Hiroyuki; Kawakami Rika; Horii Manabu; Saito Yoshihiko
来源:Internal Medicine, 2013, 52(10): 1019-1027.
DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.52.9073

摘要

Objective To investigate the predictive values of placental growth factor (PlGF) and its endogenous antagonist, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), for the long-term prognosis of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Both PlGF and sFlt-1 play important roles in the pathological mechanisms of atherosclerosis. We recently demonstrated that the plasma levels of these molecules are correlated with the severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Methods We enrolled 464 patients with stable CAD who consecutively underwent coronary angiography. Baseline blood samples were collected from the femoral artery immediately before coronary angiography (after the administration of 20 units of heparin), and the plasma levels of PlGF and sFlt-1 were measured. A Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between these parameters and the occurrence of all-cause death (ACD) and total cardiovascular events (TCVE) during a median follow-up of 3.3 years. Results A total of 31 ACDs and 51 TCVEs occurred. Patients with higher PlGF/sFlt-1 ratios (>4.22x10(-2)) had a significantly higher risk of both ACD and TCVE than patients with lower ratios (<4.22x10(-2)) (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.32, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.43 to 7.72, p=0.005, and HR: 2.23, 95% CI: 1.23 to 4.03, p=0.008, respectively). A multivariate analysis showed the PlGF/sFlt-1 ratio to be an independent predictor for ACD, but not TCVE. Conclusion The baseline PlGF/sFlt-1 ratio is an independent predictor of long-term adverse outcomes in patients with stable CAD.

  • 出版日期2013