A novel frameshift deletion in PLS3 causing severe primary osteoporosis
Journal of Human Genetics, 2018, 63(8): 923-926.
Mutations in the gene encoding plastin-3, PLS3, have recently been associated to severe primary osteoporosis. The molecular function of plastin-3 is not fully understood. Since PLS3 is located on the X chromosome, males are usually more severely affected than females. PLS3 mutations have thus far been reported in approximately 20 young patients with low bone mineral density (BMD). We describe an 8-year-old Greek boy with severe primary osteoporosis with multiple vertebral compression fractures and one low-energy long bone fracture. His clinical manifestations were consistent with osteogenesis imperfecta, including blue sclerae, joint hypermobility, low bone mineral density, kyphosis, bilateral conductive hearing loss, and mild dysmorphic features. The family history was negative for primary osteoporosis. COL1A1 and COL1A2 mutations were excluded by Sanger sequencing. However, Sanger sequencing of PLS3 led to the identification of a de novo frameshift deletion, NM_005032: c.1096_1100delAACTT, p.(Asn366Serfs*5), in exon 10 confirming the diagnosis of PLS3 osteoporosis. In conclusion, we describe a novel frameshift deletion in PLS3 causing severe primary osteoporosis in a boy. Our finding highlights the clinical overlap between type I collagen and PLS3-related skeletal fragility and underscores the importance of PLS3 screening in patients with multiple fractures to enable proper genetic counseling.