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Accuracy and Concordance in Reporting for Secondhand Smoke Exposure among Adolescents Undergoing Treatment for Cancer and Their Parents
McDermott Michael J
Nicholson Jody S
Tyc Vida L
Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology, 2(3), pp 125-129, 2013-9
Summary
Few studies have examined adolescent reporting accuracy for secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe), and never for youth with cancer. SHSe reporting from adolescents being treated for cancer (M-age = 14.92 years, SD=1.67) was examined against parent/guardian reports and urine cotinine among 42 adolescent-parent dyads. Number of days in hospital-based lodgings prior to assessment emerged as the strongest predictor of urine cotinine (beta= -0.46, p = 0.003) and adolescent SHSe reporting significantly predicted urine cotinine (beta = 0.37, p = 0.011) beyond relevant demographic and contextual variables (overall R-2 = 0.40, F(6, 35) = 3.90, p = 0.004). Findings support adolescents as accurate reporters of discrete SHSe occurrences.
Keywords
secondhand smoke exposure; SHSe; urine cotinine; reporting accuracy; reporting agreement and concordance
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