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A Revisit to the Role of Bridge-adsorbed Formate in the Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Formic Acid at Pt Electrodes
Xu, Jie; Mei, Dong; Yuan, Dao-fu; Zhang, Zun-biao; Liu, Shao-xiong; Chen, Yan-xia
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 26(3), pp 321-328, 2013/6.
The mechanism and kinetics of electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid at Pt electrodes is discussed in detail based on previous electrochemical in-situ ATR-FTIRS data [Langmuir 22, 10399 (2006) and Angewa. Chem. Int. Ed. 50, 1159 (2011)]. A kinetic model with formic acid adsorption (and probably the simultaneous C H bond activation) as the rate determining step, which contributes to the majority of reaction current for formic acid oxidation, was proposed for the direct pathway. The model simulates well the IR spectroscopic results obtained under conditions where the poisoning effect of carbon monoxide (CO) is negligible and formic acid concentration is below 0.1 mol/L. The kinetic simulation predicts that in the direct pathway formic acid oxidation probably only needs one Pt atom as active site, formate is the site blocking species instead of being the active intermediate. We review in detail the conclusion that formate pathway (with either 1st or 2nd order reaction kinetics) is the direct pathway, possible origins for the discrepancies are pointed out.
Formic acid oxidation; Mechanism; Electrocatalysis; Formate pathway; Direct pathway
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